Chapters :

Agriculture - 06

PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani)

  • Creation of new water sources through Minor Irrigation (both surface and ground water)
  • Repair, restoration and renovation of water bodies; strengthening carrying capacity of traditional water sources, construction rain water harvesting structures (Jal Sanchay);
  • Command area development, strengthening and creation of distribution network from source to the farm;
  • Ground water development in the areas where it is abundant,
  • lift irrigation from water bodies/rivers at lower elevation to supplement requirements beyond IWMP and MGNREGS irrespective of irrigation command.
  • Creating and rejuvenating traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat); Khatri, Kuhl (H.P.); Zabo (Nagaland); Eri, Ooranis (T.N.); Dongs (Assam); Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M.P.) etc. at feasible locations.


  • Programme management, preparation of State/District Irrigation Plan, approval of annual action plan, Monitoring etc.
  • Promoting efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain – guns in the farm (Jal Sinchan);
  • Construction of micro irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities including tube wells and dug wells (in areas where ground water is available and not under semi critical /critical /over exploited category of development) which are not supported under AIBP, PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani), PMKSY (Watershed) and MGNREGS a s per block/district irrigation plan.
  • Extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures including cropping alignment to maximise use of available water including rainfall and minimise irrigation requirement (Jal sarankchan);
  • Capacity building, training and awareness campaign including low cost publications, use of pico projectors and low cost films for encouraging potential use water source through technological, agronomic and management practices including community irrigation.
  • Information Communication Technology (ICT) interventions through NeGP – A to be made use in the field of water use efficiency, precision irrigation technologies, on farm water management, crop alignment etc. and also to do intensive monitoring of the Scheme.
  1. PMKSY (Watershed Development)
  • Effective management of runoff water and improved soil & moisture conservation activities such as ridge area treatment, drainage line 5 treatment, rain water harvesting, in – situ moisture conservation and other allied activities on watershed basis.
  • b) Converging with MGNREGS for creation of water source to full potential in identified backward rain fed blocks including renovation of traditional water bodies

Thus PMKSY is a comprehensive scheme catering to the complete supply chain management of water requirement for sustainable agriculture.


Seeds are the primary ingredient for agriculture and Green revolution was based on the revolutionary seed bread HYV. Hence the government does research by ICAR to test and develop various seeds which are resistant to severe climate, water scare conditions and different soil conditions etc. Genetic modification and seeds like Bt cotton also was created for such purposes. With the dual aim of increasing production as well as climate sustainability. Market and distribution channels are formed by way of some subsidies and schemes to make it accessible and affordable to farmers.

 National Mission on Seeds

It has 9 sub-schemes. The existing Scheme is being implemented w.e.f. 2005-2006. Seed production technologies are changing and new technologies like transgenics, tissue culture, soil-less agriculture etc. have emerged. There is greater emphasis on seed quality assurance particularly to safeguard the interest of the farmers.


  1. Transport Subsidy on Movement of seeds
  2. Establishment and maintenance of seed banks
  3. Quality Control arrangement of seeds
  4. Seed Village Programme – A village, wherein trained group of farmers are involved in production of seeds of various crops and cater to the needs of themselves, fellow farmers of the village and farmers of neighbouring villages in appropriate time and at affordable cost is called “a seed village. Increasing the seed production, Increasing the seed replacement rate, Organizing seed production in cluster (or) compact area replacing existing local varieties with new high yielding varieties , Self sufficiency and self reliance of the village
  5. Assistance for Creation/ Strengthening of Infrastructure Facilities in Public Sector.
  6. Application of Biotechnology in Agriculture.
  7. Assistance for Boosting Seed Production in Private Sector
  8. Promoting for Hybrid Rice Seed Production
  9. Assistance for Boosting Seed Export

6.4 Fertilizers and subsidy

Fertilizers have been an important component of agricultural input since green revolution. The government has provided subsidy. NPK fertilizers are used (nitrogen, Phosphorous and potassium) is widely used.


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