Chapters :

Agriculture – 14

NATIONAL LIVESTOCK MISSION

National Livestock Mission (NLM) launched in financial year 2014-15 seeks to ensure quantitative and qualitative improvement in livestock production systems and capacity building of all stakeholders.The scheme is being implemented as a sub scheme of White Revolution – Rashtriya Pashudhan Vikas Yojana since April 2019.

Mission Objectives

  1. Sustainable growth and development of livestock sector, including poultry
  2. Increasing availability of fodder and feed to substantially reduce the demand –supply gap
  3. Accelerating production of quality fodder and fodder seeds through effective seed production chain (Nucleus – Breeder –Foundation – Certified-Truthfully labelled, etc.) with active involvement of farmers and in collaboration with the dairy / farmers cooperatives, seed corporations, and private sector enterprises.
  4. Establishing convergence and synergy among on-going Plan programmes and stakeholders for sustainable livestock development.
  5. Promoting applied research in prioritized areas of concern in animal nutrition and livestock production.
  6. Capacity building of state functionaries and livestock owners through strengthened extension machinery to provide quality extension service to farmers.
  7. Promoting skill based training and dissemination of technologies for reducing cost of production, and improving production of livestock sector
  8. Promoting initiatives for conservation and genetic upgradation of indigenous breeds of livestock (except bovines which are being covered under another scheme of the Ministry) in collaboration with farmers / farmers’ groups / cooperatives, etc.
  9. Encouraging formation of groups of farmers and cooperatives / producers’ companies of small and marginal farmers / livestock owners.
  10. Promoting innovative pilot projects and mainstreaming of successful pilots relating to livestock sector.
  11. Providing infrastructure and linkage for marketing, processing and value addition, as forward linkage for the farmer’s enterprises.
  12. Promoting risk management measures including livestock insurance for farmers.
  13. Promoting activities to control and prevent animal diseases, environmental pollution, promoting efforts towards food safety and quality, and supply of quality hides and skins through timely recovery of carcasses.
  14. Encouraging community participation on sustainable practices related to animal husbandry, involvement of community in breed conservation and creation of resource map for the states.

The mission is organised into the following four Sub – Missions:

  1. Sub -Mission on Livestock Development– The sub-mission on Livestock Development includes activities to address the concerns for overall development of livestock species including poultry, other than cattle and buffalo, with a holistic approach. Risk Management component of the sub –mission will, however, also cover cattle and buffalo along with other major and minor livestock.
  2. Sub – Mission on Pig Development in North-Eastern Region – The sub -mission will strive to forge synergies of research and development organizations through appropriate interventions, as may be required for holistic development of pigs in the North Eastern Region including genetic improvement, health cover and post-harvest operations.
  3. Sub – Mission on Feed and Fodder Development– The Sub –Mission is designed to address the problems of scarcity of animal feed and fodder resources, to give a push to the livestock sector making it a competitive enterprise for India, and also to harness its export potential. The sub- mission will especially focus on increasing both production and productivity of fodder and feed through adoption of improved and appropriate technologies best suited to specific agro –climatic region in both arable and non –arable areas.
  4. Sub -Mission on Skill Development, Technology Transfer and Extension–  The sub – mission will provide a platform to develop, adopt or adapt the technologies including frontline field demonstrations in collaboration with farmers, researchers and extension workers, etc. wherever it is not possible to achieve this through existing arrangements.

FISHERIES SECTOR – BLUE REVOLUTION

Fisheries are an important sector in India–it provides employment to millions of people and contributes to food security of the country. It is divided into Mari culture and inland aquaculture. With a coastline of over 8,000 km, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km, and with extensive freshwater resources, fisheries play a vital role. Constituting about 7.73% of the global fish production and export earnings of Rs.46,589 Crores (2018-19), India today has attained the status of the second largest aquaculture and 4th largest fish exporting nation in the world. Gross Value Added (GVA) of Fisheries sector in the national economy during 2018-19 stood at Rs 2,12,915 crores which constituted 1.24% of the total National GVA and 7.28% share of Agricultural GVA.

Steps for fisheries sector

  • Creation of a separate Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying in the Union Government
  • Setting up a new and dedicated Department of Fisheries with independent administrative structure
  • Implementation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries during the period 2015-16 to 2019-20 with a central outlay of Rs. 3,000 crore
  • Creation of Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF) during 2018-19 with a fund size of Rs. 7,522.48 crore
  • Launching of PMMSY with an investment of Rs. 20,050 crore, the scheme with highest ever investment for fisheries sector.
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