Chapters :

Agriculture – 16


It was set up by Government of India in April 1984 on the basis of recommendations of the “Group on Perishable Agricultural Commodities”, headed by Dr M. S. Swaminathan, the then Member (Agriculture), Planning Commission, Government of India, as an Autonomous organization under the administrative control of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare


Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo.

Promote holistic growth of horticulture sector, including bamboo and coconut through area based regionally differentiated strategies, which includes research, technology promotion, extension, post-harvest management, processing and marketing, in consonance with comparative advantage of each State/region and its diverse agro-climatic features; Improve productivity by way of quality germplasm, planting material and water use efficiency through Micro Irrigation Support skill development and create employment generation opportunities for rural youth in horticulture and post-harvest management, especially in the cold chain sector

Sub-schemes and area of operation

Sl. No.Sub SchemeTarget group / area of operation
1National Horticulture Mission (NHM)All states & UTs except states in NE and Himalayan Region.
2Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States (HMNEH)All states in NE and Himalayan Region – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir
3National Bamboo Mission (NBM)All states & UTs
4National Horticulture Board (NHB)All states & UTs focusing on commercial horticulture
5Coconut Development Board (CDB)All States and UTs where coconut is grown
6Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH)NE states, focusing on HRD and capacity building.


In India, the food sector has emerged as a high-growth and high-profit sector, given its immense potential for value addition, particularly in the Food Processing Industry.

The processed food market, currently valued at USD 322 billion in 2016, is expected to grow to US $543 billion by 2020 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 14.6 per cent. For the next 5 years the food industry is expected to grow to US $958 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 12 per cent to account for increasing saturation of the market. It is regarded as the sunrise sector.

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries has been implementing several schemes under the umbrella of the ‘PRADHAN MANTRI KISAN SAMPADA YOJANA’ (formerly known as SAMPADA – Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters


It is an umbrella scheme incorporating ongoing schemes of the Ministry like Mega Food Parks, Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure, Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure, etc. and also new schemes like Infrastructure for Agro-processing Clusters, Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages, Creation / Expansion of Food Processing & Preservation Capacities.: The objective of PMKSY is to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agri-Waste.

Schemes to be implemente Under PMKSY the following schemes are to be implemented.

  • Mega Food Parks
  • Integrated Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure
  • Creation/Expansion of Food Processing/Preservation Capacities
  • Infrastructure for Agro Processing Clusters
  • Scheme for Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages
  • Food Safety & Quality Assurance Infrastructure
  • Human Resources and Institutions


APEDA is an apex body authorised under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India established to promote the export of agricultural commodities and processed food products.  Objective of ensuring double exports and doubling farmer’s income ensure greater involvement of the State governments for effective implementation of Agri Export Policy.

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