ECONOMIC PLANNING IN INDIA – 08

Objectives

  • To evolve a shared vision of national development priorities, sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States.
  • To foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis, recognizing that strong States make a strong nation.
  • To develop mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government.
  • To ensure, on areas that are specifically referred to it, that the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy.
  • To pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefiting adequately from economic progress.
  • To design strategic and long term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, and monitor their progress and their efficacy. The lessons learnt through monitoring and feedback will be used for making innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corrections.
  • To provide advice and encourage partnerships between key stakeholders and national and international like-minded Think tanks, as well as educational and policy research institutions.
  • To create a knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support system through a collaborative community of national and international experts, practitioners and other partners.
  • To offer a platform for resolution of inter-sectoral and inter­ departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda.
  • To maintain a state-of-the-art Resource Centre, be a repository of research on good governance and best practices in sustainable and equitable development as well as help their dissemination to stake-holders.
  • To actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and initiatives, including the identification of the needed resources so as to strengthen the probability of success and scope of delivery.
  • To focus on technology up gradation and capacity building for implementation of programmes and initiatives.
  • To undertake other activities as may be necessary in order to further the execution of the national development agenda, and the objectives mentioned above.

 FEATURES

NITI Aayog is developing itself as a State-of-the-art Resource Centre, with the necessary resources, knowledge and skills, that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues.

NITI Aayog’s entire gamut of activities can be divided into four main heads:

  1. Design Policy & Programme Framework
  2. Foster Cooperative Federalism
  3. Monitoring & Evaluation
  4. Think Tank and Knowledge & Innovation Hub

 Functions of NITI Aayog

POLICY AND PROGRAMMES OF NITI AAYOG

  1. SWACHH BHARAT MISSION (SBM)–The mission was launched on 2 October 2014 to achieve open defecation free nation and ensure sanitation. Its strategy is behaviour modification. Since then then about 3.64 lakh villages, 385 districts and 13 States and 4 Union Territories have also declared themselves OPEN DEFECATION FREE (ODF). Coverage of rural households with toilets has increased from 39% to 84%. The coverage of rural households with individual household latrines has more than doubled in the last four years. Some of the surveys conducted recently found that now more than 90% of rural households who have access to toilets are using them. In the urban areas, 100 per cent door to door collection of solid waste has been achieved in 62,436 out of 84,049 wards and 2,618 cities have declared themselves ODF out which 2089 cities have been certified as ODF by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs through third party verification.
  2. ATAL INNOVATION MISSION – (AIM) is Government of India’s flagship initiativeto create and promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship across the length and breadth of our country. AIM’s objective is to develop new programmes and policies for fostering innovation in different sectors of the economy, provide platforms and collaboration opportunities for different stakeholders, and create an umbrella structure to oversee the innovation & entrepreneurship ecosystem of the country. AIM’s initiatives have played an important contributory role in the advancement of India from a position of 81 in the Global Innovation Index in 2015 to a position of 48 in 2020. AIM has adopted a holistic approach encompassing schools, universities, research institutions, industry, MSME, NGOs, and Ministries, at district, state and national levels.

 

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