Chapters :

Biomass – 06

UJALA scheme 

It aims to promote efficient use of energy at the residential level, enhance the awareness of consumers about the efficacy of using energy efficient appliances and aggregating demand to reduce the high initial costs thus facilitating higher uptake of LED lights by residential users.

National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP)

It aims to achieve national fuel security by promoting hybrid and electric vehicles in the country. There is an ambitious target to achieve 6-7 million sales of hybrid and electric vehicles year on year from 2020 onwards. 

Government has launched the scheme namely

Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles (FAME India) under NEMMP 2020
in 2015 -16. The scheme will provide a major push for early adoption and market creation of both hybrid and electric technologies vehicles in the country. The thrust for the Government through this scheme will be to allow hybrid and electric vehicles to become the first choice for the purchasers so that these vehicles can replace the conventional vehicles and thus reduce liquid fuel consumption in the country from the automobile sector. It is envisaged that early market creation through demand incentive, in-house technology development and domestic production will help industry reach a self-sufficient economies of scale in the long run by around the year 2020.

Energy Audit 

The energy audit is the key to a systematic approach for decision making in the area of energy management. It attempts to balance the total energy inputs with its use and serves to identify all the energy streams in a facility. It quantifies energy usage according to its discrete functions. It is a very effective tool in defining and pursuing comprehensive energy management programme in industries. The Energy Conservation Act, 2001 defined energy audit as the verification, monitoring and analysis of use of energy including submission of technical report containing recommendations for improving energy efficiency with cost benefit analysis and an action plan to reduce energy consumption. 

Green buildings 

The green building refers to building constructed with methods and techniques which are environmentally sound and highly efficient in resource utilization throughout building’s lifecycle. It is also known as sustainable or high performance buildings. The concept of green building focused to balance environmental responsibility, resource efficiency, occupant comfort, well being and community sensitivity. The green construction follows 4Rs – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Renewable principles.


The Green rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) is the recent national rating system of India. GRIHA was developed by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) jointly with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India. The latest version of GRIHA is GRIHA V 2015. This rating is used for all kinds of buildings across India. It follows 31 criteria of ratings under 4 categories namely site selection and planning, building planning and construction, building operation and maintenance, innovation. 

BEE Star Rating 

BEE Star Rating is a voluntary program to assess and rate energy performance of existing commercial buildings. The scheme is based on actual performance of the buildings in terms of energy performance index (EPI) expressed in kWh/m2 /yr. The 5 Star labelled buildings is the most efficient in this star rating. Five categories of buildings – office buildings, hotels, hospitals, retail malls, and IT Parks in five climate zones in the country have been identified for this programme. So far, around 184 buildings have been star rated under various categories. 

National biofuel policy 

The government of India started Ethanol Blending Programme (EBP) and National Mission on Biofuels in 2003. The National Mission aimed at planting Jatropha on 500,000 ha of government land and later extended onto more land. Simultaneously, the ministry hoped to begin privatizing the biodiesel industry to become entirely separate from the government by 2012. 

The National Biofuel Policy proposed blending of biofuels, ethanol and biodiesel with a target of 20% by 2017. 

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