- OATH OR AFFIRMATION
- Term of Office
- POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE PRESIDENT
LIBERALINTELLECTUAL PRINCIPLES - 02
The President is elected by an electoral college composed only of the elected members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the Legislative Assemblies of the States, including the Legislative Assemblies of the Union Territories of Puducherry and National Capital Territory of Delhi.
OATH OR AFFIRMATION:
The President or the person who acts as the President in case of vacancy or discharges the functions of President in his absence, is required to take an oath in the presence of Chief Justice of India before entering the office of President.
Term of Office:
The President holds office for a term of five years from the date on which he assumes office. However,
- The President may resign his office by submitting his resignation letter, duly signed by him to the Vice President of India and communicating the same to the Speaker of Lok Sabha.
- The President may be removed from office by the Parliament through impeachment in case of him violating the constitution.
- The President shall continue to remain in the office even after the expiry of his term until his successor takes upon the office.
The charges for impeachment can be initiated in either house of the Parliament. The resolution for impeachment can be moved in the house that initiated it only after giving a 14 days written notice to the President signed by a minimum of 1/4th of the total members of the house, mentioning the charges against him. The resolution has to be passed with a 2/3rd majority in the house that initiated the charges.
After the resolution is passed in the house that initiated the charges, the other house will initiate investigation over the charges against the President. The President has the right to defend himself against the charges.
If the other house, after investigation, passes a resolution with a 2/3rd majority of the total members of the house, accepting the charges against the President, he will be removed from the office from the date on which the resolution is passed.
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE PRESIDENT
The executive powers of the Union are vested with the President and he can exercise the powers either directly or through the subordinate officers in accordance with the constitution. All the affairs of the government or the State are carried out in his name.