Chapters :
  • LIBERAL INTELLECTUAL PRINCIPLES – 09

  • PARLIAMENTARY PRIVILEGES AND THE FREEDOM OF PRESS
  • SESSIONS OF PARLIAMENT

  • PARLIAMENTARY TERMINOLOGIES

  • MOTIONS

  • TYPES OF MOTIONS

  •  

LIBERAL INTELLECTUAL PRINCIPLES – 09

PARLIAMENTARY PRIVILEGES AND THE FREEDOM OF PRESS:

The freedom of press guaranteed under article 19(1)(a) is restricted to certain extent by the parliamentary privileges. The Press can be held liable in the following cases

  1. For publishing matters related to the character of Members of Parliament.
  2. Premature publishing of proceedings of the houses
  3. Misreporting the proceedings of the houses
  4. Publishing the parts of proceedings that are removed by the presiding officers.

However, the freedom of press is unrestricted in the following cases

  1. For publishing reports that are substantially true
  2. For publishing any proceeding of the houses of Parliament except for secret meetings and parts of proceedings that are removed by the presiding officers.
  3. For publishing reports that are made for public good.

SESSIONS OF PARLIAMENT

Every year, the Members of Parliament meet during specified periods, called as sessions, to carry out the legislative functions of the Union.

PARLIAMENTARY TERMINOLOGIES

 

S.NoTermMeaning
1SummoningIt is the ordering of the houses of Parliament to assemble at a specified time for carrying out the legislative functions of the Union. The President summons each house separately.
2SessionIt is the time duration in which the houses of Parliament are ordered to be present for carrying out their legislative functions. Usually the duration of a session extends over 2 to 4 months.
3SittingDuring a session, the houses of Parliament meet almost every day to carry out their business, called as meetings. Each meeting consists of two sittings, a morning sitting and a post-lunch sitting.
4AdjournmentIt is the termination and postponement of a sitting of a house for a specified time period.
5Adjournment sine dieIt is the termination and postponement of a sitting of a house for an indefinite period.
6ProrogationIt is the termination of a session of Parliament by the President.

A session is the time duration in which the houses of Parliament meet almost everyday to carry out their legislative functions. Every year, the Parliament meets in three sessions such as

  1. The Budget Session (February to May)
  2. The Monsoon Session (July to September)
  3. The Winter Session (November and December)

The maximum gap between two sessions should not exceed six months. A session is usually terminated by prorogation. In the event of dissolution of LS, the session in work also gets terminated.

MOTIONS

A motion is a tool available with the Members of Parliament to initiate a discussion on the matters of public importance. It can be moved either by a minister or a private member or a group of members with the prior permission of the presiding officer of the house. The presiding officer will decide on whether a motion deserves the time of the house and needs to be discussed.

TYPES OF MOTIONS:

  1. CLOSURE MOTION:

It is moved by a member to curtail the discussions on a particular matter and put it for voting.

  1. ADJOURNMENT MOTION:

It is moved by a member to adjourn the normal business of the house and take up an urgent matter of public importance for discussion. It is a kind of condemnation against the government, hence it can be used only by the LokSabha. This motion needs the support of 50 member to be admitted.

  1. PRIVILEGE MOTION:

It is moved by a member against a minister in the case of breach of privileges of the house such as with holding the facts or providing false facts.

  1. CALLING ATTENTION MOTION:

It is moved by a member against a minister to call his attention towards a matter of public importance and also to seek an authoritative statement from him on the matter.

  1. NO-CONFIDENCE MOTION:

It is moved generally by a member from the opposition party against the entire council of ministers. If it is passed by a simple majority, then the entire council of ministers have to resign. It can be moved only in LokSabha with the support of 50 members.

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