Chapters :
  • LIBERAL INTELLECTUAL PRINCIPLES – 12

  • AD HOC COMMITTEES

  • Powers and Functions of Parliament

LIBERAL INTELLECTUAL PRINCIPLES – 12

5Committees Related to Day to Day Businesses of the houses
aCommittee on Absence of Members of the HousesIt examines the applications for leave by the members and disqualifies members who are absent from the sittings for 60 days or more without permission. Only the LokSabha has a committee for this purpose.
bCommittees on Private Member’s Bills and ResolutionsIt examines the resolutions and bills proposed by the private members and allocates time for discussions on them. Only the LokSabha has a committee for this purpose. Deputy Speaker is the Chairman of this committee.
cBusiness Advisory CommitteeIt allocates time for the transaction of businesses in the houses. The Speaker is the ex officio chairman of the LokSabha committee and the Chairman of RS is the ex officio chairman of the RajyaSabha committee.
dRules CommitteeIt deals with the matters related to procedure for the conduct of business in the houses. The  Speaker is the ex officio chairman of the LokSabha committee and the Chairman of RS is the ex officio chairman of the RajyaSabha committee.
6Housekeeping Committees
aHouse CommitteeIt deals with the matters related to the accommodation of members of the houses. Separate committees are constituted in both the houses.
bLibrary CommitteeIt assists the members in utilising the library services.
cGeneral Purpose CommitteeIt deals with general matters that do not fall under other committees. The Speaker is the ex officio chairman of the LokSabha committee and the Chairman of RS is the ex officio chairman of the RajyaSabha committee.
dJoint Committee on Salaries and AllowancesIt regulates the salaries and allowances provided to the members of Parliament.

AD HOC COMMITTEES:

The Ad hoc committees are constituted for a specific purpose and dismantled after the purpose is achieved. Thus, these are temporary committees. Based on the purpose, the Ad hoc committees are classified into two types. They are

  1. Inquiry Committees: The inquiry committees are constituted either by the two houses or by the Speaker / Chairman to inquire into and report on specific matters.
  2. Advisory Committees: Advisory committees are constituted for the purpose of lawmaking. After the general discussion on a bill takes place in a house, the house may refer the bill to a select committee of the house or a joint committee of two houses for detailed examination. The committee considers every clause of the bill and amendments can be introduced to various clauses by its members. After considering every clause of the bill, the committee submits its report to the house.

Powers and Functions of Parliament

The Parliament is the highest law making authority in the country endowed with a diverse range of powers and functions. Its powers and functions can be classified into the following categories.

1.Legislative Powers and Functions:

The foremost function of the Parliament is lawmaking. It is authorised to make laws on subjects enumerated in the Union list, Concurrent list, State list and on other residuary subjects. It has the exclusive power to make laws on subjects under the union list. With respect to the concurrent list, both the Parliament and the states can make laws. However, in case of conflict between the two, the Parliamentary law would prevail. The Parliament can make laws on state subjects under the following circumstances.

      a)When the RajyaSabha passes a resolution for the purpose.

      b)When National Emergency is in operation.

      c)When two or more states request the Parliament.

      d)When a state is under the President’s rule.

       e)To give effect to international agreements, treaties and other instruments.

2.Executive Powers and Functions:

The political executives are an integral part of the Parliament and are responsible to the LokSabha. The LokSabha exercises control over the executives through a no-confidence motion, censure motion, adjournment motion, question hour, zero hour, government assurances committee and so on. Thus, the executives enjoy the office as long as they enjoy the support of LokSabha.

 

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